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Niagara Falls

North America

Canada is the world's second largest country and occupies most of the northern portion of North America. Inhabited originally by aboriginal peoples, Canada was founded as a union of British colonies, some of which had earlier been French colonies. Now a federal dominion of ten provinces with three territories, Canada peacefully obtained sovereignty from its last colonial possessor, the United Kingdom, in a process beginning in 1867 with its formation, and ending in 1982, when Canada gained the authority to amend its own constitution.
Background Information
While Aboriginal tradition holds that the First Peoples have inhabited parts of what is now called Canada since the dawn of time, archaeological studies date human presence in northern Yukon to 26,000 years ago, and in southern Ontario to 9,500 years ago.

The Vikings settled briefly at L'Anse aux Meadows circa AD 1000. The next Europeans to explore Canada's Atlantic coast included John Cabot in 1497 and Martin Frobisher in 1576 for England, and Jacques Cartier in 1534 and Samuel de Champlain in 1603 for France. The first permanent European settlements were established by the French at Port Royal in 1605 and Quebec City in 1608, and by the English in Newfoundland, around 1610. European explorers and trappers brought along European diseases, which spread rapidly through native trade routes and decimated the Aboriginal population.
Northern Canadian vegetation tapers from coniferous forests to tundra and finally to Arctic barrens in the far north. The northern Canadian mainland is ringed with a vast archipelago containing some of the world's largest islands.

Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada range depending on the location. Winters can be harsh in many regions of the country, particularly in the Prairie provinces, where daily average temperatures are near -15 C (5 F). Coastal British Columbia is an exception and it enjoys a temperate climate with a mild and rainy winter.

Average summer high temperatures across Canada range depending on the location. On the east and west coast average high temperatures are in the low 20s C (68 to 74 F), while in between the coasts the average summer high temperature range between 25 C to 30 C (78 to 86 F). For a more complete description of climate across Canada see Environment Canada's Website.
CN Tower, Toronto
Niagara Falls
Map of Canada